What is Condylomata Acuminata?
Condylomata Acuminata (also known as genital warts) is a type of sexually transmitted disease that is caused by the human papillomavirus. This disease is spread through sexual contact, including oral sex, genital sex, and anal sex. Genital Warts are flesh colored, cauliflower-shaped bumps that can be seen in both males and females.
This disease is considered one of the most common of the sexually transmitted diseases. It can affect anybody, but most often affects those between 17-33 years of age.
Condylomata Acuminata Image
Symptoms of Condylomata Acuminata
The warts appear as flesh colored spots and clusters may look like a cauliflower. They can be elevated or flat and are usually painless.
- Genital warts can be located at the inside or outside of the anus or vagina
- Genital warts can also be present in the nearby skin
- Genital warts can also infect the cervix
- Often there is an increased in dampness in the genital area with an increase in vaginal discharge
- There may also be vaginal itching
- Pain may occur especially if the warts are located at the cervix or vagina
- Genital warts can be located at the penis, scrotum, groin, thighs, inside or around the anus
- There are often tiny papules visible on the penis
Genital warts on penis
Image source: img.medscape.com
In both sexes:
- Genital warts can occur in lips, mouth, and throat
- Bleeding can occur during or after sexual intercourse
- There may be a possible burning sensation in the genital and anal region especially if the case is already severe
Causes of Condylomata Acuminata
- This disease is caused by Human Papillomavirus (HPV)
- It is spread through sexual contact
- It may take a year to notice the presence of genital warts
- Not everyone who has direct contact with the disease will acquire it
Factors that Increase Risk
- Having multiple sexual partners
- Being sexually active at an early age
- Having a viral infection that weakens your immune system
- Patient history (Medical and Sexual History)
- Physical examination that includes the observation of the genital area and pelvic region as well as mouth and tongue
- Colposcopy. A lighted magnifying device will be inserted into the vagina in order to examine the cervix, vagina and vulva
- A pap smear may be advised.
- A Biopsy is recommended
Biopsy to diagnose Condylomata Acuminata
Treatment of Condylomata Acuminata
- Imiquimod (Aldara)
- Podophyllin and podofilox (Condylox)
- Trichloroacetic acid (TCA)
- Surgical excision will cut out the warts. Requires local anesthesia
- Laser therapy where an intensive beam of light is used to destroy warts may be used
- Electrocauterization (use of electric current to destroy the wart). Requires local anesthesia.
- Gardasil (human papillomavirus vaccine)
- Use of protective devices such as condoms
- Avoidance of direct contact with human papillomavirus
Genital warts may go away on their own or with treatment. It is common for them to return.
Women should get regular PAP smears as cervical cancer develops slowly over decades, and if you have genital warts, you are also likely to have been infected with a cancer-causing strain of the virus.
While most men never develop any symptoms like infection, they are still able to pass genital warts to their sexual partners.
Condylomata Acuminata Pictures
Source - siamhealth.net
Total quality check done on 16/10/2012 by Minna